The Paris Agreement signed in 2015 on climate change mitigation, adaptation and financing under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and entered into force in 2016.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the first intergovernmental, international environmental agreement signed by the United Nations on global warming. The Convention aims to carry out studies to minimize the impact of environmental pollution on climate change and the negative effects of harmful gases such as greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. It entered into force on 21 March 1994.
On the same date, the “Convention on Combating Desertification” and the “Convention on Biological Diversity” were also accepted.
Why is the Paris Agreement Important?
We said that the Paris Agreement entered into force in 2016. As of March 2021, 191 member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are party to it. There are 6 member states that have not ratified the agreement: Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Yemen and Turkey. Our country has signed the contract but has not been a party to the contract. In terms of harmful gases released into the atmosphere among these 6 countries, Iran and Turkey are the countries that are among the top 20 sources of emission.
In addition, the United States withdrew from the Paris Climate Agreement in 2020 under Trump. Trump argued that it would not be fair for the United States to limit carbon emissions while countries such as India and China use fossil fuels as a reason for withdrawing from the contract. The USA, the country that emits the most greenhouse gases into the world’s atmosphere, was the only country to withdraw from the contract. The new administration, which came to Joe Biden, made an application to the United Nations for America to rejoin the convention. Thus, the United States officially returned to the convention by informing the United Nations.
The long-term temperature target of the Paris Agreement is to limit global average temperature rise to 2°C (3.6°F) increase from pre-industrial levels, and even 1.5°C is an effort. Because it is accepted that limiting the temperature increase to 1.5 instead of 2°C will significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change in terms of risks and impacts.
Paris Agreement; It aims to reduce carbon emissions, use renewable energy sources by keeping up with climate change, and lead developed countries to other countries. With the Paris Agreement, each country must work, plan and report on a regular basis to minimize global warming and climate change.
Turkey’s Statement of National Contribution
In Turkey’s Intended National Contribution Statement submitted to the United Nations, it was stated that the total greenhouse gas emissions, which was 430 million tons in 2012, could increase to 929 million tons in 2030 with reduction measures. In other words, Turkey did not commit to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, saying that it could more than double it.” In our country, it is important to carry out the necessary studies in the field of climate change.
Humanity and countries need to work on climate change, which is the most important problem in today’s world, by showing the necessary devotion. The world is our world, it is in our hands to take good care of it… Rather than seeing a world whose color and harmony have faded; Let’s aim to see a colorful, vibrant world.
You can also access the Kyoto Protocol signed in the field of climate change here.